Which Is the Great Pyramid?

Posted By on August 14, 2010

In surfing stock photo sites for the Giza pyramids, I noticed that quite a number of people were confused about which pyramid is the Great Pyramid. The remarkable Giza Plateau features three large pyramids and six small pyramids, as well as the Great Sphinx and various other structures. Many people see the Second Pyramid with a portion of its original limestone coating on the top, sitting on higher ground, and conclude that it must be the Great Pyramid. They are wrong.

The Second Pyramid, often seen looming in the distance in photos taken showing the face of the Sphinx, is associated with Pharaoh Khafre (Chephren in Greek), said to have reigned c. 2520-2494 BC, whose face is supposed to be the one we see now on the Sphinx. Because it sits on higher ground, and retains the coating around the capstone, the Second Pyramid looks taller from certain angles at a distance, but it is not. It is called “Second” for good reason.

According to conventional, nationalistic Egyptology, the Great Pyramid is associated with Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek), said to have reigned c. 2551-2528 BC. It looms behind the Sphinx only in a side-angle shot.

The Great Pyramid has been looted of its once magnificent, polished, gleaming limestone surface. You can now find much of it in the buildings of Cairo. It sports a “flat top.” Its missing capstone is the subject of some fascinating speculation, including a string of biblical references [Ps. 118:22; Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11; I Pet 2:7], referring to the stone which the builders rejected which became the head of the corner (chief cornerstone). Intriguing? That’s just the tip of the pyramid.

Quoting Robert M. Schoch, Ph.D. in Pyramid Quest, the Great Pyramid is the largest stone building ever erected, but its incredibly sophisticated construction incorporates details that have boggled great minds for many centuries. It is called Great for very good reason. It is absolutely unique and raises many head-scratching questions.

It is understandable that casual tourists might get the pyramids confused. However, the video editors of the History Channel series Ancient Aliens repeatedly show the Second Pyramid while the narrator speaks of the Great Pyramid. Though that’s a bit disconcerting, the documentary provides fantastic visuals and some great information on a broad range of evidences for ancient intelligence, much (not all) of which we at TCFB find very valuable from a biblical and historical standpoint.

So, if you didn’t before, you now know which pyramid is which, and that puts you light-years ahead of a lot of people.


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